The Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity (FHEO) administers and enforce federal laws. FHEO is an office under the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). It establishes policies that ensure all Americans have equal access to housing of their own choice.
HUD investigates complaints of housing discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, sex, disability, or familial status. HUD also tries to reconcile the matter with both parties.
If reconciliation fails, HUD then determines whether “reasonable cause” exists to believe that a discriminatory housing practice has taken place. If “reasonable cause” is not found, HUD will dismiss the complaint.
If reasonable cause is found, HUD will issue a charge of discrimination and schedule a hearing before a HUD administrative law judge (ALJ). If either party elects to proceed in federal court, the Department of Justice will pursue the case on behalf of the complainant. The decisions of the ALJ and the federal district court are subject to review by the U.S. Court of Appeals.